Historical and cultural problems of northern countries and regions № 2 (46), 2019
Historical and cultural problems
of northern countries and regions
Borrowed the names of the buches in the dialects of the European North of Russia
Abstract. The article is devoted to borrowed names of bushes in dialects of the European North of Russia. The whole complex of lexemes is analyzed from the point of view of the origin of words and their semantic connections. Languages-sources of borrowing are determined. Few borrowings from European and Turkic languages are identified and interpreted. The lexemes of Komi origin are described. Discusses the widespread borrowings from Saami, which is the subject of detailed etymological development involving data from Saami dialects. Comment on the semantic differences based on extralinguistic information. Reconstruction of the lost semantic links is carried out. The few Volga-Finnish elements are interpreted in comparison with the Udmurt and Mari lexemes. The main attention is paid to the Baltic-Finnish borrowings. The comparison with the data of different Baltic-Finnish languages is carried out, the peculiarities of phonetic adaptation are explained. Commented on the internal form of lexemes: revealed signs of underlying names are of the same type on the internal form of Russian dialectal designations. The lines of semantic derivation are built with the divergence of the semantics of the etymon and the analyzed Russian lexeme. Widely involved in extra-linguistic data to substantiate the etymology of lexemes. The possibilities of borrowing phonetically close lexemes from different sources are taken into account. All etymologies are built with broad participation from the data of botany.
Keywords: lexeme, semantics, meaning, borrowing, Russian language, Finno-Ugric languages.
1Teush Olga Аnatol'evna. Candidate of Science (Philology), Associate Professor. Ural Federal University named after the first President of Russia B.N.Yeltsin. Lenin ave., 51, 620083, Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation.
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